Publications

2013
מדוע האהבה כואבת
אווה אילוז. 1/2013. מדוע האהבה כואבת. כתר. תקציר

מעטים האנשים שלא חוו את הייסורים הכרוכים במערכות יחסים אינטימיות. לייסורים אלה צורות רבות: אנחנו אוהבים גבר או אישה שלא מוכנים להתחייב לנו, לבנו נשבר כאשר אהובנו או אהובתנו עוזבים אותנו, אנחנו שקועים בחיפושים סיזיפיים באינטרנט, חוזרים גלמודים מברים, ממסיבות או מפגישות עיוורות, משתעממים במערכת יחסים הרחוקה כל כך מציפיותינו. בספרה החדש והנועז, מדוע האהבה כואבת, מנסה פרופסור אווה אילוז, מבכירי הסוציולוגים בעולם, לבחון את החוויות האלה, הפרטיות לכאורה, באמצעות התבוננות ביקורתית בדרכים שבהן מיוצרת, נכתבת, משווקת ונחווית האהבה בימינו. לטענת אילוז, הפסיכואנליזה והפסיכולוגיה הפופולרית הפליאו לשכנע אותנו שיחידים נושאים באחריות לאומללות חייהם הרומנטיים והארוטיים. ואילו מטרתו של הספר הזה היא לשנות את זווית הניתוח של הבעיה במערכות יחסים בימינו ולהסביר כי לא ילדות לקויה היא הבעיה אלא הכוחות המוסדיים שמעצבים את האופן שבו אנחנו אוהבים. אווה אילוז היא פרופסור לסוציולוגיה באוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים ונשיאת האקדמיה לאמנות ועיצוב בצלאל. עבודותיה בתחום הסוציולוגיה של הרגשות זכו להכרה רחבה. מדוע האהבה כואבת פורסם באנגלית, בצרפתית ובגרמנית, עורר הדים רבים, זכה לשבחים ואף היה לרב-מכר. בעברית ראו אור עד כה ארבעה מספריה הקודמים, ביניהם אינטימיות קרה – עלייתו של הקפיטליזם הרגשי וגאולת הנפש המודרנית – פסיכולוגיה, רגשות ועזרה עצמית. כמו כן מפרסמת אילוז מסות בענייני תרבות וחברה במוסף "הארץ".

2011
Pathological Altruism
Ariel Knafo, Barbara Oakley, Guruprasad Madhavan, and David Sloan Wilson. 1/2011. Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press. Abstract

The benefits of altruism and empathy are obvious. These qualities are so highly regarded and embedded in both secular and religious societies that it seems almost heretical to suggest they can cause harm. Like most good things, however, altruism can be distorted or taken to an unhealthy extreme. Pathological Altruism presents a number of new, thought-provoking theses that explore a range of hurtful effects of altruism and empathy. Pathologies of empathy, for example, may trigger depression as well as the burnout seen in healthcare professionals. The selflessness of patients with eating abnormalities forms an important aspect of those disorders. Hyperempathy - an excess of concern for what others think and how they feel - helps explain popular but poorly defined concepts such as codependency. In fact, pathological altruism, in the form of an unhealthy focus on others to the detriment of one's own needs, may underpin some personality disorders. Pathologies of altruism and empathy not only underlie health issues, but also a disparate slew of humankind's most troubled features, including genocide, suicide bombing, self-righteous political partisanship, and ineffective philanthropic and social programs that ultimately worsen the situations they are meant to aid. Pathological Altruism is a groundbreaking new book - the first to explore the negative aspects of altruism and empathy, seemingly uniformly positive traits. The contributing authors provide a scientific, social, and cultural foundation for the subject of pathological altruism, creating a new field of inquiry. Each author's approach points to one disturbing truth: what we value so much, the altruistic "good" side of human nature, can also have a dark side that we ignore at our peril.

2010
Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain
Hassin Ran, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope. 1/2010. Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience.
Strategic Social Choice: Stable Representations of Constitutions
Bezalel Peleg and Hans Peters. 1/2010. Strategic Social Choice: Stable Representations of Constitutions. Springer. Abstract

This monograph studies representations of effectivity functions by game forms that are at least Nash consistent, which means that they have a Nash equilibrium for any profile of preferences. In the second part the focus is on social choice functions that admit a strong Nash equilibrium resulting in the sincere outcome. A central interpretation of an effectivity function is that it models a constitution.

2008
Game Theoretic Analysis of Voting in Committees
Bezalel Peleg. 1/2008. Game Theoretic Analysis of Voting in Committees. Cambridge University Press. Abstract

This book is a theoretical and completely rigorous analysis of voting in committees that provides mathematical proof of the existence of democratic voting systems, which are immune to the manipulation of preferences of coalitions of voters. The author begins by determining the power distribution among voters that is induced by a voting rule, giving particular consideration to choice by plurality voting and Borda's rule. He then constructs, for all possible committees, well-behaved representative voting procedures which are not distorted by strategic voting, giving complete solutions for certain important classes of committees. The solution to the problem of mass elections is fully characterised.

תורת המשחקים
שמואל זמיר, מיכאל משלר, and אילון סולן. 1/2008. תורת המשחקים. מגנס. תקציר

ספר קורס. תורת המשחקים היא ענף במתמטיקה העוסק במידול מצבי החלטה אינטראקטיביים ובניתוחם. במצבים אלה מעורבים כמה מקבלי החלטות שמטרותיהם שונות, וההחלטה של כל אחד מהם עשויה להשפיע על כל האחרים. ראשיתה של תורה המשחקים בשנות הארבעים של המאה העשרים, ומאז שנות החמישים היא מיושמת בכלכלה, בביולוגיה, במדעי המחשב ובמדעי המדינה. הספר תורת המשחקים מיועד לתלמידי התואר הראשון והשני במתמטיקה, בכלכלה, במדעי המחשב, ולכל תלמיד בעל בסיס מתמטי מתאים. הספר עוסק בתורת המשחקים השיתופית והלא-שיתופית, ונכללים בו נושאים בסיסיים המתאימים הן לקורס ראשון בתורת המשחקים והן לקורסים מתקדמים. בספר דוגמאות רבות ומגוונות ותרגילים בדרגות קושי שונות, המאפשרים תרגול יעיל של החומר הנלמד והטמעתו.

2007
Cold Intimacies
Illouz Eva. 1/2007. Cold Intimacies. Cambridge University Press. Abstract

It is commonly assumed that capitalism has created an a-emotional world dominated by bureaucratic rationality; that economic behavior conflicts with intimate, authentic relationships; that the public and private spheres are irremediably opposed to each other; and that true love is opposed to calculation and self-interest. Eva Illouz rejects these conventional ideas and argues that the culture of capitalism has fostered an intensely emotional culture in the workplace, in the family, and in our own relationship to ourselves. She argues that economic relations have become deeply emotional, while close, intimate relationships have become increasingly defined by economic and political models of bargaining, exchange, and equity. This dual process by which emotional and economic relationships come to define and shape each other is called emotional capitalism. Illouz finds evidence of this process of emotional capitalism in various social sites: self-help literature, women's magazines, talk shows, support groups, and the Internet dating sites. How did this happen? What are the social consequences of the current preoccupation with emotions? How did the public sphere become saturated with the exposure of private life? Why does suffering occupy a central place in contemporary identity? How has emotional capitalism transformed our romantic choices and experiences? Building on and revising the intellectual legacy of critical theory, this book addresses these questions and offers a new interpretation of the reasons why the public and the private, the economic and the emotional spheres have become inextricably intertwined.

The Economic Theory of Annuities
Eytan Sheshinski. 1/2007. The Economic Theory of Annuities. Princeton University Press. Abstract

Annuities are financial products that guarantee the holder a fixed return so long as the holder remains alive, thereby providing insurance against lifetime uncertainty. The terms of these contracts depend on the information available to insurance firms. Unlike age and gender, information about individual survival probabilities cannot be readily ascertained. This asymmetric information causes market inefficiencies, such as adverse selection. Groundbreaking in its scope, The Economic Theory of Annuities offers readers a theoretical analysis of the functioning of private annuity markets. Starting with a general analysis of survival functions, stochastic dominance, and characterization of changes in longevity, Eytan Sheshinski derives the demand for annuities using a model of individuals who jointly choose their lifetime consumption and retirement age. The relation between life insurance and annuities that have a bequest option is examined and "annuity options" are proposed as a response to the lack of secondary markets. This book also investigates the macroeconomic policy implications of annuities and changes in longevity on aggregate savings. Sheshinski utilizes statistical population theory to shed light on the debate of whether the surge in savings and growth in Asia and other countries can be attributed to higher longevity of the population and whether this surge is durable. This book shows how understanding annuities becomes essential as governments that grapple with insolvency of public social security systems place greater emphasis on individual savings accounts.

Introduction to the Theory of Cooperative Games
Bezalel Peleg and Peter Sudhölter. 1/2007. Introduction to the Theory of Cooperative Games. Abstract

This book systematically presents the main solutions of cooperative games: the core, bargaining set, kernel, nucleolus, and the Shapley value of TU games as well as the core, the Shapley value, and the ordinal bargaining set of NTU games. The authors devote a separate chapter to each solution, wherein they study its properties in full detail. In addition, important variants are defined or even intensively analyzed.

הספר האדום : צמחים בסכנת הכחדה בישראל
אבי שמידע, גדי פולק, and אורי פרגמן-ספיר. 1/2007. הספר האדום : צמחים בסכנת הכחדה בישראל. הוצאת רשות הטבע והגנים. Abstract

בישראל 414 מיני צמחים בסכנת הכחדה ומתוכם 36 כבר נכחדו. רבים מצמחים אלה נדירים מאוד, חלקם אנדמיים. לכל מין צמח "אדום" נכתבו תיאור מפורט, תפוצתו בארץ ובעולם, היבטים ביוגיאוגרפיים וסיסטמטיים, מצב שמירת הטבע והמלצות לממשק, לשימור ולהגנה. לתיאור נלווים מפת אתרי התפוצה בארץ ותמונת הצמח. המידע בספר זה מהווה בסיס מדעי למדיניות ממשק ולקביעת עדיפות בשמירת הטבע ובהגנה על פי חוק.

2006
The New Unconscious
Hassin Ran, James S. Uleman, and John A. Bargh. 1/2006. The New Unconscious. ‎Oxford University Press. Abstract

Over the past two decades, a new picture of the cognitive unconscious has emerged from a variety of disciplines that are broadly part of cognitive science. According to this picture, unconscious processes seem to be capable of doing many things that were thought to require intention, deliberation, and conscious awareness. Moreover, they accomplish these things without the conflict and drama of the psychoanalytic unconscious. These processes range from complex information processing, through goal pursuit and emotions, to cognitive control and self-regulation. This collection of 20 original chapters by leading researchers examines the cognitive unconscious from social, cognitive, and neuroscientific viewpoints, presenting some of the most important developments at the heart of this new picture of the unconscious. The volume, the first book in the new Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience series, will be an important resource on the cognitive unconscious for researchers in cognitive psychology and neuroscience.

2005
The Elements of Computing Systems
Noam Nisan and Shimon Schocken. 1/2005. The Elements of Computing Systems. The MIT Press. Abstract

In the early days of computer science, the interactions of hardware, software, compilers, and operating system were simple enough to allow students to see an overall picture of how computers worked. With the increasing complexity of computer technology and the resulting specialization of knowledge, such clarity is often lost. Unlike other texts that cover only one aspect of the field, The Elements of Computing Systems gives students an integrated and rigorous picture of applied computer science, as its comes to play in the construction of a simple yet powerful computer system.Indeed, the best way to understand how computers work is to build one from scratch, and this textbook leads students through twelve chapters and projects that gradually build a basic hardware platform and a modern software hierarchy from the ground up. In the process, the students gain hands-on knowledge of hardware architecture, operating systems, programming languages, compilers, data structures, algorithms, and software engineering. Using this constructive approach, the book exposes a significant body of computer science knowledge and demonstrates how theoretical and applied techniques taught in other courses fit into the overall picture.Designed to support one- or two-semester courses, the book is based on an abstraction-implementation paradigm; each chapter presents a key hardware or software abstraction, a proposed implementation that makes it concrete, and an actual project. The emerging computer system can be built by following the chapters, although this is only one option, since the projects are self-contained and can be done or skipped in any order. All the computer science knowledge necessary for completing the projects is embedded in the book, the only pre-requisite being a programming experience.The book's web site provides all tools and materials necessary to build all the hardware and software systems described in the text, including two hundred test programs for the twelve projects. The projects and systems can be modified to meet various teaching needs, and all the supplied software is open-source.

צמחי ישראל

צמחי ישראל הוא מדריך שימושי המאפשר את זיהוים של צמחי הבר הנפוצים בישראל בדרך חזותית פשוטה. זהו כלי עזר רב-ערך וחיוני לכל מי שמתעניין בצמחי ישראל ומבקש להעמיק את ידיעותיו בתחום. לקסיקון מפה: צמחי ישראל מביא את תיאורם של החשובים והנפוצים בצמחי הארץ שהים מקובצים בקבוצות לפי צבע פרחיהם. כל ערך בלקסיקון מביא תצלום ותיאור מלא של הצמח בנדון בו, מפת תפוצה ו"סגרל פריחה" של הצמח. ומידע בסיסי על מינים קרובים לצמח. בסך הכל מובאים בספר תיאורים של יותר מ-800 מיני צמחים, ושל עוד כ-1,000 מיני צמחים קרובים להם. בנוסף לכך הספר מביא מידע מרתק על עוד נושאים רבים אחרים. מאסטרטגיות רביית והגנה של צמחים, דרך פרסום ורמייה בצמחים, ועד השימוש שניתן לעשות ברבים מהצמחים המתוארים בספר במטבח וברפואה.

2004
The Ethics of Memory
Margalit Avishai. 1/2004. The Ethics of Memory. Abstract

Much of the intense current interest in collective memory concerns the politics of memory. In a book that asks, "Is there an ethics of memory?" Avishai Margalit addresses a separate, perhaps more pressing, set of concerns. The idea he pursues is that the past, connecting people to each other, makes possible the kinds of "thick" relations we can call truly ethical. Thick relations, he argues, are those that we have with family and friends, lovers and neighbors, our tribe and our nation--and they are all dependent on shared memories. But we also have "thin" relations with total strangers, people with whom we have nothing in common except our common humanity. A central idea of the ethics of memory is that when radical evil attacks our shared humanity, we ought as human beings to remember the victims. Margalit's work offers a philosophy for our time, when, in the wake of overwhelming atrocities, memory can seem more crippling than liberating, a force more for revenge than for reconciliation. Morally powerful, deeply learned, and elegantly written, The Ethics of Memory draws on the resources of millennia of Western philosophy and religion to provide us with healing ideas that will engage all of us who care about the nature of our relations to others.