THE BRAIN REWARD SYSTEM AND THE EMERGING FIELD OF

Abstract: Psychology and economics have successfully demonstrated that human behavior is not endlessly variable, but can be captured and quantified by testable laws. Modern neuroscience techniques can identify and link individual differences in decision-making behavior to differences in brain anatomy, brain responses, genetics, and so on. In particular, modern neuroimaging techniques provide the means by which human brain responses can be monitored while subjects are engaged in behavioral tasks.

"Western City" vs. "Oriental City": The development of the notion from the new classical economy to the post-colonial debate.

The basic theoretical differentiation between Oriental and Occidental cities was first made by Max Weber as a part of his wider interest in the rise and development of rational capitalism, a question to which he dedicated four of his most important studies.

BELIEFS REVEALED IN BAYESIAN EQUILIBRIUM

Abstract: The prediction of action profiles played in Bayesian Equilibrium (BE) in a game is not well defined over belief hierarchies. Equivalently, by observing the BE action profiles in all games, one can recover more than just standard belief hierarchies. Our main result is to show that extending beliefs to payoff irrelevant facts, signals, brings them to a harmony with BE in the following sense: First, if two type spaces give rise to the same rich hierarchy of beliefs then for every game same action profiles are played in any BE.

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