ערב ספרים

הדוברים:עדנה אולמן- מרגליתאוה אילוזאוריאל פרוקצ'יהאריאל רובינשטייןהאירוע פתוח לכל - אפשר להביא חברים.

THE DEVELOPMENTAL CONSTRUCTION OF HEREDITY

The inheritance of developmentally triggered variations - phenotypic variations that are independent of variations in DNA sequence, and DNA changes that are guided by epigenetic systems ? is now recognized to contribute to the transmission of information between generations of organisms, as well as being a crucial part of their ontogeny. However, such hereditary transmission has not yet been fully incorporated into evolutionary theory.

GETTING MORE OUT OF MATHEMATICS THAN WE PUT IN

Mathematical concepts have often proved to have more in them than in their original definition.  Some of this "latent information," originally ignored by mathematicians and physicists alike, has proved to be the key to very deep and surprising properties of the physical universe.  The views of Penrose, Plato, and Descartes will be discussed.  Penrose's 1098 page book, The Road to Reality, will be used as a prop in a topological experiment.

GETTING MORE OUT OF MATHEMATICS THAN WE PUT IN

Mathematical concepts have often proved to have more in them than in their original definition. Some of this "latent information," originally ignored by mathematicians and physicists alike, has proved to be the key to very deep and surprising properties of the physical universe. The views of Penrose, Plato, and Descartes will be discussed. Penrose's 1098 page book, The Road to Reality, will be used as a prop in a topological experiment.

BACKWARD INDUCTION AND COMMON STRONG BELIEF OF RATIONALITY

In 1995, Aumman showed that with appropriate definitions, common knowledge of rationality (CKR) in games of perfect information (PI) implies that the backward induction (BI) outcome is reached. His work was criticized because it assumes rationality also at unreached vertices of the game tree. Here we avoid the criticism by replacing "common knowledge" by "strong belief" where a player strongly believes a proposition p if he believes p at every v that is logically consistent with p. The relation to previous work of Battigalli and Siniscalchi is discussed.

2007 Nobel Laureates + Multi-Agent Initiatives with Type Dependent Externalities

  We model situations in which a principal provides incentives to a group of agents to participate in a project (such as a social event or a commercial activity). Agents' benefits from participation depend on the identity of other participating agents. We assume bilateral externalities and characterize the optimal incentive mechanism. Using a graph-theoretic approach we show that the optimal mechanism provides a ranking of incentives for the agents, which can be described as arising from a virtual popularity tournament among the agents.

Space and Conscious Awareness

Being consciously aware of our environment is something we take for granted.     We don't need to study philosophy to have the undeniable subjective feeling of being aware of objects and events occurring around us. However, investigating patients who suffered brain damage, and therefore lost awareness of aspects of their environment, makes one acutely aware of the fact that being aware is not so trivial.

FMRI AND GAME THEORY

Until recently, economists have always been content to treat the human brain as a "black box" and suggest mathematical equations which simplify what the brain is doing. This "rational choice" approach has been enormously successful. However, there is not yet a one theory that fully describes human behavior.Recent advances in neuroscience have made it possible to observe detailed processes in the brain better than ever before.

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