Ordinality of the Shapley Value

Murali Agastya

In Roth (1977) it is argued that the Shapley value is the cardinal utility of playing a game and it inherits properties used to define the underlying game itself. Implicit in this statement is the assumption that the TU game is generated by allowing for lotteries over an underlying set of alternatives.However, often there is a single numeraire good that can generate a game. In such instances, it is unclear why the utility of playing a game is cardinal when the preferences for the underlying good are ordinal. This paper presents a framework in which the Shapley value emerges as the representation of a preference ordering over a set of games. This representation is unique only up to a positive monotone transformations thereby establishing the ordinality of the value.

December, 1994
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